Glossary

Area of Influence: The geographic space within which change, both real and perceived, takes place as a direct or indirect consequence of development or operation of a project.

Artisanal Mining (Small-Scale Mining)1: A form of subsistence mining that is generally labour intensive rather than capital and mechanization intensive. Artisanal mining is a source of direct or indirect livelihood for over 100 million people in the developing world. It is a component of the local economy, while often occurring outside regulatory frameworks and conducted in poor and unsafe working conditions. Challenges associated with artisanal mining include issues of security, human rights, and environmental, health and safety practices.

Biodiversity: Short for “biological diversity,” biodiversity is the variety of living organisms and their ecosystems. Different species – plant, animal, fungal and microbial – interact with each other in a variety of ecological processes to form ecosystems. Biodiversity is valuable because the combination of a diversity of life forms has made this planet a uniquely habitable place for humans: it sustains human livelihoods and life itself.

Cap and Trade System: A mechanism designed to limit and reduce GHG emissions by setting a decreasing limit on their emissions (the Cap), and allowing entities within the system to trade their excess/debt to meet the overall reduction target.

Carbon Accounting: The practice of measuring and quantifying GHG emissions, accounting for both emitting sources (e.g., fossil fuel combustion) and “sinks” that remove GHG from the atmosphere (e.g., forests).

Carbon Dioxide Equivalents (CO2e): A unit of measure that converts different GHG emissions into their carbon dioxide equivalent. This allows easier comparison of GHG emissions by using carbon dioxide as a standard unit of reference.2

Charter of Corporate Responsibility: A set of principles related to business ethics, environment, safety, health and community that governs all operating practices and provides our overarching sustainability governance commitments.

Closure Plan: A plan for a specific facility to establish procedures for the closure of the site. A closure plan is usually required in order for a facility to be issued an operating licence. It typically lays out a timetable for remediation stages, a revegetation or soil stabilization program, and proposals for post-closure monitoring, maintenance and use.

Code of Ethics: This sets out our company’s dedication to upholding high moral and ethical standards and specifies basic business conduct and behaviour. Code of Sustainable Conduct: Outlines our commitments to sustainable development.

Community Investment: A voluntary action or contribution by a company, beyond the scope of their normal business operations, intended to benefit local communities in their area of operation.

Communities of Interest (COIs): Any person or group of people that may be affected positively or negatively by the financial, environmental (including health and safety), or social aspects of our operations or projects and those who have an interest in, or have the ability to influence our activities. These include academic and thought leaders, employees, government and regulatory staff, Indigenous Peoples, industry associations, investment communities, local communities, non-governmental organizations, peers and business partners and suppliers. Please see Appendix A for more information.

Corporate Environment and Risk Management Committee (CERMC): A senior management committee that, among other things, sets priorities and direction for Environment, Health, Safety and Community programs, tracks performances and measures results.

Direct Energy Use: The consumption of primary energy sources owned or controlled by Teck.

Engagement: A process of contact, dialogue and interaction that ensures all parties of interest are informed and participating in decisions that affect their future.

Environmental, Health, Safety and Community (EHSC) Management Standards: Established in 2002 and continuously updated, our EHSC Management Standards are a set of standards that guide our commitments towards environment, health, safety and community.

Environmental Management System (EMS): A framework developed by an organization to help improve its environmental performance by taking environmental considerations into account when making decisions and managing risks.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)3: The world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework, consisting of principles and indicators to measure and report on an organization’s economic, environmental and social performance. Teck uses the third-generation GRI Guidelines, known as the G3 Guidelines, for this report.

Greenhouse Gases (GHG): Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The major GHGs accounted for within this report and as identified under the Kyoto Protocol are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).

Grievance/Feedback Mechanism: A process that allows us to receive, and effectively organize our response to, feedback from COIs on matters of interest to them related to our operation or project. These may be questions, issues, ideas, concerns or complaints from COIs.

Human Rights: Refers to the concept of human beings having universal rights, or status, regardless of legal jurisdiction or other localizing factors such as ethnicity, nationality and sex. Human rights covers many issues relevant to a mining company including health and safety, discrimination, poverty alleviation, Indigenous rights, access to natural resources and human health. As such, companies have the potential to affect human rights through their relationship to employees, the environment and communities.

Impact (in terms of environment, health, safety and community): Any change to the environment or to the health, safety and well-being of people, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from our activities or products.

Indigenous Peoples: Cultural groups and their descendants who have an historical association with, and continuity in, a particular region or part of a region. They have a cultural identity, and as minorities may be vulnerable to current social and economic systems. Indigenous Peoples is the globally used term and Aboriginal People is the term used in Canada. There are three Aboriginal groups in Canada: First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Indigenous Peoples are one of our COIs.

Indirect Economic Impacts: As defined by the GRI Economic Indicator Protocols Set, they are the result (often non-monetary) of direct economic impacts (the transactions between the organization and its stakeholders).

Indirect Energy Use: The energy used by Teck but generated by sources owned and controlled by another company (imported electricity, heat or steam).

ISO 14000: A management tool that enables an organization of any size or type to identify and control the environmental impact of its activities, products or services. It helps organizations continuously improve their environmental performance and implement systematic approaches to setting their environmental objectives and targets.

ISO 140014: Provides a framework for a strategic approach to an organization’s environmental policy plans and actions, outlining the requirements for environmental management systems that are environmentally sustainable.

Life-Cycle Analysis: A full assessment of a product’s lifespan, from mining the product to process and function, sales and distribution, and end-of-life management.

Lost-Time Injury: An injury in which the individual cannot perform his/her duties on the day following the initial date of the injury. Lost time is days lost beyond the day of the injury.

Materiality: For the purposes of this report, we regard materiality as information that reflects our key issues and may influence our business activities, and has the potential to influence the perception of COIs, including those who intend to make decisions and assessments about our commitment to sustainability.Materiality, in this context, is the threshold at which an issue or indicator becomes sufficiently important enough to be reported.

National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI): Canada's legislated, publicly accessible inventory of pollutants released, disposed of, and sent for recycling by facilities across the country.

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO): A non-profit group largely funded by private contributions and operated outside of institutionalized government or political structures. NGOs focus on environmental and social issues at local, regional, national and international levels.

OHSAS 18001: An Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) for health and safety management systems.

Oil Sands5: An unconventional petroleum deposit containing a mixture of water, clay, sand and a dense form of petroleum called bitumen. Bitumen is processed and upgraded to resemble light crude oil. Surface mining removes bitumen deposits close to the surface and in situ production recovers underground deposits.

Product Stewardship Committee: A committee composed of corporate officers and senior managers who assess risks associated with the production, transport, handling, sale and stewardship of products and materials. The Committee monitors conformance to legal and regulatory requirements, company policies, and sound management practices.

Reclamation: The restoration of a site after mining or exploration activity is completed. Reclamation initiatives are used to create diverse environments, similar to the pre-mining landscape, that will be attractive to a variety of wildlife species and function in ways that will sustain biodiversity over time. Developing an inventory of animals using reclaimed sites is an important first step towards understanding wildlife responses to reclamation efforts.

Safety and Health Policy: Fortifies a corporate commitment to providing leadership and resources for entrenching core values of safety and health.

Safety and Sustainability Committee: A committee of the Board of Directors that oversees management’s implementation of safety and sustainability practices throughout our company.

Scope 1 (Direct) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and World Resources Institute, Scope 1 emissions “occur from sources that are owned or controlled by the company.”

Scope 2 (Indirect) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and World Resources Institute, Scope 2 emissions “occur from the generation of purchased electricity consumed by the company. Purchased electricity is defined as electricity that is purchased or otherwise brought into the organization boundary of the company. Scope 2 emissions physically occur at the facility where electricity is generated.”

Scope 3 (Other Indirect) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and World Resources Institute, Scope 3 emissions encompass other indirect emissions not covered in Scope 2, such as outsourced activities, waste disposal, the extraction and production of purchased materials and fuels, transport-related activities in non-corporate owned vehicles and electricity-related activities.

Severity: A measure of safety performance that illustrates the number of days lost due to injuries. Severity is a frequency measure based on every 200,000 hours worked and is calculated as follows: (number of days missed due to lost-time injuries x 200,000) divided by actual number of hours worked. A fatality is defined as 6,000 days lost.

Site/Project: Teck’s planned, existing or dormant assets across all phases in the project cycle from pre-scoping through operations to closure and beyond.

Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA): An assessment of a project’s likely significant positive and negative impacts, in quantitative terms whenever possible. The SEIA examines global cumulative impacts, as appropriate. Impact assessment includes baseline data, alternatives analysis and management program evaluation.

Social Licence to Operate 6: The ongoing approval and broad social acceptance of an organization’s activities. Gaining a social licence to operate involves establishing legitimacy, credibility and trust in order to gain acceptance of our activities. A social licence to operate is granted by COIs on a site- or operation-specific basis.

Social Management: A management approach that identifies and manages social impacts, which are any positive or adverse consequences experienced by COIs resulting from the existence of or changes to a project or operation. Aspects of social management include our practices, capacity building, structures and systems.

Socially Responsible Investing (SRI): An investment strategy that assesses an organization’s financial, environmental, social and governance performance.

Sustainability7: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Tailings: Material rejected from a mill after recoverable valuable minerals have been extracted.

Total Recordable Injury Frequency (TRIF): A key measure of safety performance that demonstrates the total number of recordable injuries per 200,000 hours worked. Recordable Injuries include fatalities, lost-time injuries and injuries requiring medical aid. The types of incidents not included in the TRIF calculation include first-aid injuries, high-potential incidents, non-injury property damage, and non-injury mobile equipment events. TRIF is calculated as follows: TRIF = (number of medical aid injuries + number of lost-time injuries + number of fatal injuries x 200,000) divided by total number of hours worked. The factor of 200,000 is derived from the average number of hours worked by 100 people in a one-year period (50 working weeks x 40 hours per week x 100 people). This factor is frequently used in North America.

Toxics Release Inventory (TRI): A publicly available US Environmental Protection Agency database that contains information on toxic chemical releases and waste management activities reported annually by certain industries as well as federal facilities.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR): A declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, describing the human rights guaranteed to all people.

1 Source: http://www.icmm.com/page/37364/artisanal-and-small-scale-mining
2 Source: http://www.skepticalscience.com/Carbon-dioxide-equivalents.html  
3 Source: http://www.globalreporting.org/AboutGRI/WhatIsGRI/  
4 Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_standards/iso_9000_iso_14000/iso_14000_essentials.htm
5 Source: http://www.canadasoilsands.ca/en/overview/index.aspx
6 Source: http://socialicense.com/definition.html
7 Source: The World Commission on Environment and Development (Bruntland Commission), 1987